National Parks in Java Indonesia
In Java, there is one world network of biosphere reserve and one World Heritage Site that is a national park. Gunung Gede Pangrango is the biosphere reserve and Ujung Kulon is the heritage site. Both are with great biodiversity. The other national parks in Java includes Baluran, Gunung Ciremai, Gunung Halimun, Gunung Merbabu, Kepulauan Seribu, Alas Purwo, bromo Tengger Semeru, Gunung Merapi, Karimunjawa and last but not least Meru Betiri. Karimunjawa National Park for example, is in the Karimunjawa archipelago. Since it is in the Java Sea, it has a Marine Protection Area. Many people chose this park as it has pristine coral reefs, a white sandy beach, and interesting treks through the hills that can be rather challenging. Historically, it also has a pilgrimage to Sunan Nyamplungan Cemetery. If you want to explore the culture and customs, here you can find the traditions of the Karimunjawa community. You can get there by flight from Semarang and then to Dewandaru Airport or you can use the ferry. There are ports where you can get there easily, the Jepara port and the Tanjung Emas port. Usually, you are recommended to see the other surrounding Islands like the Cemara and Krakal Islands. You can enjoy family fun sailing, water skiing, surfing, swimming and diving at Panamanian ship Indono wreck diving. Other than the white sand beaches, you can try land activities like camping at Bengkoang and Kemuajan Islands, deer and bird watching, and make cultural visits. Another thing you might want to try is tracking and marine tours at the hills of Bukit bendera, Legon Goprak and also Bukit Gajah.
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
This park is where the Tenggerese people lives. Mainly they are the descendants of the Majapahit princes. Mount Bromo is not the only place you can find them, they are also existing in the other districts such as Probolinggo, Lumajang, Pasuruan as well as Malang on the eastern side of Java. Traditionally, they are descendents of Joko Seger and Roro Anteng. Joko Seger is believed to be living near the top of Mount Bromo with his wife. They had a hard time having children but later in a dream, Joko Seger was told he would have to sacrifice his children to the gods at the crater or else the god will be angry. When there was a big eruption, Roro Anteng and Joko Seger recalled they need to keep their promise, with their youngest son Kusuma, they gave offerings to the crater. And this was how the 14th day of the month of Kesada, was marked to hold a ceremony to give offerings.