Tourist guide to Indonesia

Mount Bromo in Surabaya

Mount Bromo in Surabaya ©abdul / yunir/Flick

The Republic of Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia and covers an area of ​​1,937,179 km ² with a population of 238 million inhabitants and a density of 104/km ². The Indonesians Life expectancy is 69.07 years for males and 74.29 years for women. The official language is the Indonesian Bahasa.

From the administrative point of view, the Indonesian state is divided into 27 provinces and a metropolitan district (Jakarta Raya), along with two autonomous districts with special status. Each province is led by a governor. The provinces are divided into sub-districts (Kabupaten) and cities ( Kota ).

 

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The capital and most important city of the country is in Jakarta, located on the northwest coast of the island of Java. Being the main economic center of the country, Jakarta concentrates large commercial and financial units, with important cultural institutions, museums and libraries. The famous 137 m high National Obelisk, the Istiqlal Mosque or the Presidential Palace draws the attention of any tourist.

The city of Jakarta in Indonesia

The city of Jakarta in Indonesia ©Yang Gundul/Flick

Magnificent natural surrounding

In geographic terms, Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, consisting of 13 677 islands. The archipelago stretches from east to west over a length of 5,500 km, between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The most important islands are Sumatra, Sulawesi, Kalimantan and Java.

The country is mainly mountainous, the plains being reduced to small areas, located near the shore. Indonesia has over 100 active volcanoes, including the famous Krakatau, and the rain forests cover half of the country.

Mount Bromo in Surabaya

Mount Bromo in Surabaya ©abdul / yunir/Flick

The most famous cities of Indonesia

In Jakarta you can visit many Hindu and Buddhist temples, among which the famous Buddhist temple of Borobudur, the largest architectural monument in the southern hemisphere, being on the list of the world cultural heritage sites.

Another important city of Indonesia is Surabaya, located in the northeast of Java, known among locals as the “city of heroes”. It is the main port city in the eastern part of Indonesia. Here is the only synagogue in Indonesia.

The city of Surabaya

The city of Surabaya ©Bonar Gultom/Flick

Located at 140 km from Jakarta, Bandung is another important city in the country, located at an altitude of 768 m above sea level, and is surrounded by volcanic mountains. Bandung is considered the cultural and spiritual center of Indonesia and also a special tourist destination. The climate is very pleasant and has a beautiful scenery, especially the volcanic crater of the Tangkuban Prahu or the Patenggang volcanic lake surrounded by tea plantations over an area of ​​about 50 km. All these make this city an appreciated tourist destination.

Situated between the islands of Java and Lombok, Bali is probably the most visited tourist destination in Indonesia. The Kuta Beach, along with the Legian and Seminyak suburbs are the busiest. Located near Bali, the Resort of Lombokis the perfect place for the lovers of sun and beaches.

The Gili Islands in Lombok

The Gili Islands in Lombok ©RaihanMazumder/Flick

Located in the center of the island of Java, Yogyakarta is an area of ​​special beauty, with terraces that stop at the foothills of the Merapi. Best known as a center of development for Balinese culture, Ubud is a very interesting area, especially for traditional art, but also for special places like the Elephanta Caves.

The largest city on the Island of Sulawesi, Makassar, is a special place with beaches and landscapes that conquer any visitor.

 

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