Tourist guide to Bandung

Railway in Bandung

Railway in Bandung ©phalinn/Flick

Historically, the oldest reference of the city of Bandung dates back from 1488, although some researchers say that people lived in this area before this. During the 17th and 18th centuries the East Indies Dutch company opened plantation areas around the city of Bandung. At the beginnig of the year 1786 a supply road was opened between the settlements: Cianjur, Cirebon, Bogor, Batavia and Bandung.

In 1809, during the reign of Napoleon I, , when he conquered the Netherlands and its colonies, gave a direct order to strengthen the defenses of Java, to protect the British in India.

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Dezvelopment of the city

In 1880 was completed the main railway between Batavia and Bandung, which led to the stimulation of light industry in the town. The Chinese population outside the city helped a lot in building facilities, services and machines for oil companies. In 1920, the government of the East Indies Dutch company decided to move the capital from Batavia to Bandung. In the next period, the Dutch built military barracks and other government buildings in the city. At the beginning of 1987 was decided to extend the city, in order to decrease the population density. During the development of the city the old buildings were demolished, the city was more urbanized. The old buildings have been replaced by chains of supermarkets and banks.

Railway in Bandung

Railway in Bandung ©phalinn/Flick

The demography of Bandung

From a demographic perspective, the population of the city of Bandung in 2010 reached a total of approximately 2.4 million inhabitants and a population density of 13.693 people per km2. Most of the population of Bandung is of Sudanese origin.

On the streets of Bandung

On the streets of Bandung ©paularps/Flick

The economy of Bandung

From an economic perspective, the city of Bandung is mainly based on tourism, textile/clothing production, agriculture, pharmaceutical and food diversity. Bandung has nearly 50 higher educational institutions and is one of the main university cities of the country. On the streets you can find all kinds of traditional items made ​​by local people, objects such as books, fashion products and other accessories. Currently there are over 200 local brands that attract hundreds of tourists every year.

Dangers in the city of Bandung

The north of Bandung serves as a water reservoir for the population of the city, although in this area began to build residential neighborhoods. There have been many attempts to reserve this area but has not yet reached an agreement. The greatest danger which annually puts the city on alert is the flood in southern part of the city caused by the river Citarium.

In 2006, the city went through a very difficult time due to a major landslide. After this disaster, were collected approximately 8,000 cubic meters of garbage per day from the river, which has led to air and water pollution, and the spread of disease.

Volcano in Bandung

Volcano in Bandung ©RabunWarna/Flick

 

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