The natural and historic dowry of the Island of Bali

Climate in Bali

Climate in Bali ©SioW/Flick

Bali is bordered to the east by the island of Java, from which is separated by the Strait of Bali and in the north is bordered by the Java Sea, in the south by the Indian Ocean and in the east by the Lombock Strait.

This tropical paradise dominated by landscapes with lush vegetation, large beaches of a unique beauty, crystal clear waters, many old temples dedicated to Hindu deities, all this combined with the hospitality, culture and traditions of the locals, make Bali a unique and captivating holiday destination.

 

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Endowed with a wonderful landscape, the northern regions of the island are crossed by mountain ranges with volcanic structure

The natural heritage of Bali

The Gunung Agung (Mount Divine), the highest in the Island of Bali, reaches an altitude of 3,142 m. This mountain has a special religious significance, hosting the most important temple in the island, the Pura Besakih, the place where dozens of religious festivals are held annually.

The spectacular natural scenery of Bali is complemented by other active volcanoes, of which the most representative are Mount Merebuk or Mount Batur. Major lakes like the Buyan, Bratan and Temblingan, with which are irrigated the vast rice crops, are important destinations for tourists who choose to spend their holiday in Bali.

The Temple of Besakih on Mount Agung

The Temple of Besakih on Mount Agung ©nerdwithoutglasses/Flick

Climate in Bali

Dominated by a tropical climate, in Bali the sun shines every day of the year, and the temperature (25°-30°C ) it is more than enjoyable for a perfect holiday. The rainy season is characteristic to the months from September to February, while the rest of the year is dominated by a dry season.

The climate is proper to a diverse vegetation and some of the most beautiful species of orchids can be seen here, along with a variety of beautifully colored tropical plants. And fauna is very rich, with some rare species such as the Belinese tiger, bats, and turtles, very numerous in Nusa Dua.

Climate in Bali

Climate in Bali ©SioW/Flick

The historic dowry of Bali

Inhabited since prehistoric times, the history of Bali is intertwined with that of the neighboring island of Java, a link that is highlighted in literature, art, theater, music and dance. Archaeological findings point to human fossils that are thousands of years old, along with the tools discovered at Cekik, in the west of the island, which is probably has more than three millennium.

Bali was conquered at the end of the thirteenth century by King Kertanegara, the founder of the Majapahit dynasty, which ruled the island of Java. Moreover, over many centuries, between the populations of the two islands were many conflicts, culminating with the appearance of the Dutch settlers in the region in 1850, which completely conquered Bali in 1900. The confrontations between the locals and the Dutch have resulted in numerous human sacrifices, the people of Bali preferring suicide, through a ritual called Puputan, than handing the island.

The region of Cekik in Bali

The region of Cekik in Bali ©CIFOR/Flick

 

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