Java Island – the Indonesian Island of Volcanoes

Volcanoes on the Island of Java, Indonesia

Volcanoes on the Island of Java, Indonesia ©calflier001/Flick

The island of Java is part of the Malaysian archipelago and is the most populous of the approximately 13,000 islands of Indonesia. Over half of the local population (about 130 million people) lives on the volcanic island of Java.

The island is occupied by mountains with heights up to 3700 m and the landscape is defined by extinct and active volcanoes. Along the southern coast lie plateaus and on the north coast we find fertile alluvial plains, with wonderful beaches.

Java is also known as the island of one hundred volcanoes, it is almost totally of volcanic origin.

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The island of one hundred volcanoes

From the one hundred volcanoes of the island 20 of them can be considered as being active because of their dynamics in the recent historical times. The most famous volcano of Java is Krakatau. The eruption in 1883 killed approximately 40,000 people.

Volcanoes on the Island of Java, Indonesia

Volcanoes on the Island of Java, Indonesia ©calflier001/Flick

Dutch Indies

At the end of the sixteenth century, the Dutch founded the city of Batavia (nowadays Jakarta), which became their commercial and military base in the so-called Dutch Indies.

For three and a half centuries, the Netherlands has led the colonies in Southeast Asia on the island of Java. Following international protests, Netherlands withdrew from the region after the Second World War and the independence of Indonesia was proclaimed in 1945 in Jakarta and recognized in 1949.

Jakarta, the capital of Java

Jakarta, the capital of Java ©judhi/Flick

Tourism on the Island of Java

Tourism plays a major role in Java Island but agriculture remains the main economic sector. The local crops of rice, the main food of the area, ensure the needs of a significant part of the population of Indonesia.

Rice terraces in Java

Rice terraces in Java ©mararie/Flick

Who gets in Java can visit the Temple in Borobudur, The Botanical Garden in Bogor, the Sultan Palace in Yogyakarta, the Museum of History, the Dutch buildings, and the Chinatown in Jakarta.
On the island of Java the climate is tropical monsoon. Rainfall varies between 1,000 and 2,500 mm, with an average annual temperature of 26.8 °C. (80.2 °F)

The temple in Borobudur, Java

The temple in Borobudur, Java ©Seth Mazow/Flick

Craft arts have a long tradition on Java. The tourist are especial interested of silver items, scarves and wooden statues.

Indonesian cuisine is considered by an uncommon refinement. The basic ingredient is the chili, but they use various fresh spices. In Java you should try the Indonesian Green salad with grinded peanut sauce & turmeric, the grilled spicy rice, the Satay, the Indonesian fruit salad with peanut & vinegar sauce and the Fried Chicken with Mango Sambal. It is a wonderful experience to eat fresh, delicious food in the company of kind and smiling people.

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