Capital of North Sumatra: Medan

Great Mosque in Medan

Great Mosque in Medan

Medan literally means ‘a large place to gather’, so it has been a meeting place for traders or gamblers who come from Stabat, Hamparan Perak, Suka Piring and etc. From just a small village called ‘Medan Putri’ at that time in 1590, it was later acquired by Aceh and Deli Land. It has a great geographic location as it is the meeting point of Babura river and the Deli river. As mentioned by John Andersen in his Edinburg edition of his book ‘Mission to the East Coast of Sumatera’, it was then only with 200 people. Tobacco plantation flourished. So did the development of Medan. With 4000-bahu of land at Cape Sepassai, the Sultan of Deli gained twenty years of right to operate on leasehold estate or erfpacht.

Tobacco from Rotterdam

As cigar wrapper, these Holland harvested tobacco was welcomed due to it good quality. Newer lands like Sunggal, Martubung, Klumpang and Sungai Beras were opened up. Contract labors from Bagelen Java formed the first wave when it was difficult to find Chinese or Keling workers.

Medan’s Attractions

The icon of Medan is the Tirtanadi Tower. This water storage tank has been around since the Dutch colonial era. Located at Jalan Sisingamangaraja Medan, this is the first historical tower in part of the Medan sky view while entering the Medan city. Second is the Maimun Palace or Istana Maimun. Some called it the Maimoon Palace, the home of the Sultan of Deli. This 2772 square meters palace with thirty rooms was built by the Sultan of Deli. It has an unqiue interior design that consists of the fusion of Malay cultural heritage, of Spanish, Islam, Italian as well as Indian style. Third to see it the Titi Gantung or the bridge over the railway between the business district around Merdeka Square. Around the area is the Hotel De Boer, De Javasche Bank and Kesawan. Its historical value was more because it was built in 1885 by the Dutch Railway Company.

Graha Maria Annai Velangkanni

Graha Maria Annai Velangkanni

Graha Maria Annai Velangkanni

This Indo-Mogul style catholic temple devoted to ‘Our Lady of Good Health’ is an imposing building of a small tower of seven storeys and another of two storeys. It is the second most important pilgrimage in Asia. In Medan, experience the traditional Becaks transportation which are tricycle rickshaw. Getting to Medan can be by air, by ferry and seaport, by bus, by taxi, by car and also by train.

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